illustration : Works

Works

The Works heading gathers theoretical or methodological research papers that contribute to epistemological thinking in the social sciences and other fields of knowledge.

Économie des rythmes urbains. Peer review

Yves Crozet | 09.05.2019

The economics of urban rhythms tell us that cities are characterized by a double scarcity, that of time for individuals, that of space for the community. The former, because of the increase of their income, seek to intensify their activity programs. For this they develop their mobility at the risk of causing traffic congestion. Public policies are therefore in charge of managing the scarcity of space, so that individual mobility is part of a collective process of production. But [...]

Pourquoi les SDF meurent dans les rues ? Peer review

Stéphane Rullac | 03.05.2019

How to explain the existence of thousands of homeless people on the streets, whose residentialization of the public space causes the death of hundreds of them each year ? Why does the social body authorize such a social rule with dramatic consequences, despite the horror it provokes ? According to which norm we all accept this modality of social functioning, which is perpetuated since 1992 ? It is with the combined reading of Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Michel Foucault and Robert [...]

Croiser les disciplines, se croiser dans l’indiscipline.

Dialogue autour de la notion de rythme.

Juliana GonzálezLucien Delley et Laurie Daffe | 17.04.2019

As polysemous and intangible as the notion of "rhythm" might be, one must note its capacity to make diverse disciplines (such as geography, literature, biology, dance, sociology or economy) work and speak together. Wishing to pursue this dialogue, can the specific conditions to build a common reflection and the production of an "undisciplined knowledge" be identified ? In light of the seminar "Urban Rhythms" – that took place in Lausanne from 8 to 10 November 2017 –, our reflection [...]

Usages sociaux et spatialités du bronzage en Chine. Peer review

Être dans la norme vs. être à contre-norme.

Vincent CoëfféChristophe Guibert et Benjamin Taunay | 11.04.2019

Skin is a marker of historically constructed social and cultural norms, and embodies the tensions that may exist between what individuals and societies consider "normal" and "abnormal". If white skin in China is a socially shared aesthetic referent, sunbathing can be analysed here as an a priori deviant practice. The objective of this article is thus to understand, through the case of tanning, the social uses of the body, especially in public spaces in Chinese context. The spatiality of [...]

Rythmes ambiants, rythmes de marche. Peer review

Rachel Thomas | 04.04.2019

This text explores the links between walking rhythms and rhythms related to fluctuations in tonalities and intensity of ambiances. It hypothesizes a correlation between walking gaits, the variations in pedestrian attentionality and what I propose to call here "ambient rhythms". The rhythm would not be the cadence or the tempo, but rather a way of flowing atmospheres and bodies. The review of field work carried out in two districts of the city of Grenoble – Europole and Île-Verte – [...]

Inégalités.

Notion du glossaire relatif à la recherche INEDUC.

INEDUCGérard BoudesseulIsabelle DanicLouisa Plouchart-Even et Régis Keerle | 22.03.2019

De janvier 2012 à octobre 2015, l’Unité Mixte de Recherche CNRS 6590 « Espaces et Sociétés » (ESO), le Centre d’Études et de Recherches sur les Qualifications (CEREQ) accompagné de la Plateforme Universitaire des Données de Caen (PUDC), le Groupement d’Intérêt Scientifique Môle Armoricain de Recherche sur la SOciété de l’Information et les Usages d’INternet (M@rsouin), le [...]

Petite géographie de la co-présence. Peer review

Une première approche comparée des pratiques spatiales de consommation des touristes et habitants à partir des réseaux sociaux numériques sur l’île de Xiamen (Chine).

Luc GwiazdzinskiWenbo Hu et Zhong-Bin Li | 14.03.2019

Conventional statistical data rarely provide information on the different "present populations" that coexist in cities and in regions so as to be able to separate, for example, tourists from permanent residents. It is difficult to analyse the spatio-temporal behaviour of these different populations, to identify potential conflicts and to imagine possible futures. The research proposes to overcome these limits by using the data provided by the Chinese social network SINA Micro-blog. A new geography of co-presence emerges and allows [...]

Lisbonne, 21e siècle. Peer review

Vers un nouvel espace référentiel du centre urbain : emprise marchande, aménagement certifié, libéralisme multiculturel.

Marc Breviglieri | 07.03.2019

This text questions the dynamics of urban government, which claims to guarantee a set of individual and public goods through the standard and expert certification procedures. It pays attention to the economic properties of standards and the normative re-description of reality they operate. It focuses in particular on the city of Lisbon which, like other metropolitan areas in southern Europe, is planning redevelopment operations under the pressure of the economic and financial crisis. It discusses the advent of a [...]

Tracer l’émergence des foules et des publics en ligne et sur site. Peer review

Dominique Boullier | 22.02.2019

Events are exceptional moments in urban rhythms and attract a lot of attention. However, they are not easily traceable, and social sciences clearly favored long duration phenomena (structural effects) or cycles (as in opinion trends). Thanks to the traces that we leave on digital networks, rapidly emerging collective behaviors can now be accounted for. They may even be related to on site events. Qualities of the constructed environments (containers) and attention attractors (contenants) can be combined to generate eurythmic [...]

La fabrique des projets de grands territoires : un essai de rythmanalyse. Peer review

Lisa Lévy | 15.02.2019

This article proposes to enter the black box of the large territories making process, by means of a rhythm analysis. We examine the rhythmic trajectory of three projects, a French one (Pôle d'Orly) and two Swiss ones (the Geneva and Lausanne agglomeration projects), using the notion of improvisation. Rhythm analysis allows us to show how improvisation, beyond metaphor, qualifies this trajectory. We will first focus on the temporal trajectory of our projects, i.e. their emergence and deployment over time [...]