illustration : Traversals

Traversals

A Traverse gathers related articles addressing various debate topics.

Métrologies critiques de l'espace. Peer review

Critical Approaches to Metrology.

Matthieu NoucherIrène Hirt et Xavier Arnauld de Sartre | 21.02.2019

When the construction of a political space demands shared systems of measurement, ensuring that everything is made comparable, coding categories and procedures are brought into place. Attributing singular cases to measurable categories was for a long time a prerogative of the State, but new systems of metrology are now broadening the range of players. With this traversal, we aim to start deconstructing these metrological systems, both old and new, to prompt different readings of the rhetoric behind them. By [...]

Déconstruire la spatialisation de services écosystémiques par la modélisation critique. Peer review

Solen Le Clec'hJohan OszwaldSimon DufourMichel GrimaldiNicolas Jégou et Matthieu Noucher | 07.02.2019

This article analyzes the impact of the choice and accuracy of input data on the metrology of the objects of Nature, based on the example of the ecosystem services mapping in the Amazonian pioneer fronts. To do so, field and remote sensing data are linked using regressions. These regressions emphasize : 1) the unequal capacity to map ecosystem services ; 2) the need to adapt the methodology to each indicator ; 3) the need to take into account various [...]

Quantification, marché et fluidification urbaine : le cas du passe Navigo. Peer review

Julien Mattern | 23.11.2018

This article deals with the imaginary sources of the quantification of the world, through the typical case of electronic ticketing in urban public transport. The historical study of the process of technical innovation makes it possible to specify the concrete problems which arose for the actors and the ideological framework in which they sought to solve them. The « Navigo » case is at the crossroads of two complementary "dreams" regarding management : on the one hand, the idea of an autonomous [...]

Glacis mémoriels en Médoc. Peer review

À propos de la cartographie multi-strates des milieux et usages d’une rive estuarienne.

Baptiste Hautdidier | 15.11.2018

On the basis of two animated maps, the paper aims to contribute to the thinking of the mapmaking practices that are based on the overlay of various stratas. The examples suggest that the added value of such multilayered cartographies (that we choose to call glacis) is to be found in two complementary directions : that of helping to grasp the complexity of processes and stakes by building a lavish – if not blurred – general picture ; that of [...]

Recherches interdisciplinaires. Peer review

Anne-Claire CollierLaura Péaud et Claire Vincent-Mory | 15.02.2018

L’injonction contemporaine à l’interdisciplinarité se révèle paradoxale. Elle s’accompagne, dans la pratique, de nombreuses difficultés théoriques et pratiques, comme l’ont montré, par exemple, Nicole Mathieu et Anne-Françoise Schmid à partir de la question de la modélisation (Mathieu et Schmid 2014). Ce constat liminaire a conduit à l’organisation d’une journée d’études sur les « Pratiques du pluridisciplinaire », le 12 juin 2015, à l'Université Paris Ouest-Nanterre La Défense, avec le soutien du laboratoire Sophiapol. L’objectif était de mettre en lumière les enjeux [...]

Pratiquer l’interdisciplinarité : pourquoi persister ? Peer review

Nicole Mathieu | 07.02.2018

In charge of the conclusion of a seminar devoted to the evaluation of the multidisciplinary practices of young researchers with various disciplinary trainings, the author drives the reader of this paper into a confrontation of the postures and experiences of these "newbies" with her own, built in its long time of experience in interdisciplinarity. By identifying first the points of convergence – to get out of disciplinary rigidity and invent an assembling method –, she then detects those that deviate from [...]

De la justice sociale à la justice spatiale. Peer review

Un itinéraire interdisciplinaire pour penser les inégalités.

Karine Ginisty | 01.02.2018

This paper discusses the construction of an interdisciplinary thesis on urban inequalities and spatial justice in Maputo. The author observes her incapability to use a theoretical framework of social justice to study two development projects in Maputo, the capital-city of Mozambique. In this city, experiences of justice and injustice seem to be reduced to silence, in the context of a lack of a public space, according to Habermas’s approach. Thus, the author developed an empirical and interdisciplinary take on [...]

Foucault va à l’église. Peer review

Repenser l’efficacité rituelle et la subjectivation par le croisement disciplinaire.

Daphné Le Roux | 21.12.2017

If only civil weddings legally create the union between a husband and his wife, and if Catholic weddings are nothing but optional, how can we account for the ritual effectiveness of the latter ? How to think the effects actions have on the fiancés who perform them ? This article aims to highlight how an interdisciplinary approach can help us face these questions. On the one hand, using philosophical concepts – namely, here, subjectivation – allows us to understand [...]

Post-Car World.

A Synthesis.

PostCarWorld | 21.12.2017

This synthesis presents the mains conclusions of the PostCarWorld project. First of all, it describes the ambiguous situation of the car throughout the World today : continuation of growth and diffusion in emerging economies but, simultaneously, “unhipisation” of the car-culture in developed countries. Now, a fundamental aspect of the “car-society” is its object-driven character focused on the vehicle, generating around it its own material and immaterial environments. In contrast, the text defines what could be a beyond-car mobility society. [...]

L’interdisciplinarité : doit-elle choisir entre produire un savoir et cultiver une pratique ? Peer review

Barthélemy Durrive et Julie Noack | 23.11.2017

This paper offers a comparative analysis of two interdisciplinary projects built on the same principle. The first experience lasted four years (from 2009 to 2013), the second started a year ago (January 2015). The comparison we propose focuses on the methodological difficulties we encountered in each project specifically, and the aim is to describe how they have been responded to. More precisely : the challenge we would like to emphasize in multidisciplinary research regards the constitution of a positive yet [...]