illustration : Works

Works

The Works heading gathers theoretical or methodological research papers that contribute to epistemological thinking in the social sciences and other fields of knowledge.

Gentrification, co-presence or social mix? Changes and permanence in the centre of São Paulo

Vitor Pessoa Colombo et Gian Paolo Torricelli | 17.07.2020

Can we speak of gentrification in the centre of São Paulo (Brazil)? Or is it rather a situation of copresence between different social classes? Starting from a brief analysis of the Latin-American context and the situation of the urban centres in this region, we address the recent changes in the socio-spatial dynamics of the city of São Paulo. In order to assess the possibility of a gentrification process in its historical centre, we propose a spatial analysis of the [...]

Rythmes urbains.

Alexis GumyPauline Hosotte et Marc-Edouard Schultheiss | 17.07.2020

While accessibility conditions have never been so sound, the social injunctions that materialise at work, at home or during leisure time can lead to various forms of vulnerability with respect to time. This article supports the hypothesis that time vulnerabilities, when enhanced by a situation of high parenting responsibility or automobile dependence, encourage households to implement unique mobility practices. These practices, termed “emerging” in this research, would allow them to keep the intense pace of their daily mobility project. [...]

Mal-habiter et malaise dans l’habiter : Pour un dialogue entre géographie et psychanalyse

Frédéric Vinot | 17.07.2020

In response to the formula of “mal-habiter” proposed by O. Lazzarotti, X. Bernier and J. Levy (2020), the author puts forward the hypothesis of “malaise dans l’habiter”, with particular reference to theories of Freud and Lacan. Where “mal-habiter” indicates dissatisfaction on the part of the inhabitant with regard to external and social conditions, “malaise dans l’habiter” indicates a dissatisfaction inherent in the very fact of dwelling, a trace of an uninhabitable in the heart of dwelling. The different possibilities [...]

Crip spatialities and temporalities II: a systematic typology of temporal taxes

Enka Blanchard | 17.06.2020

Living with a disability involves handling many costs that the general population is not aware of, which have recently been denounced in the online #CripTax campaign. Those costs can be split into many categories, the principal ones being financial costs (from buying specialised equipment to higher insurance premiums), psychological costs (with increased stress and mental loads), and finally temporal costs. Those temporal costs can be organised into a hierarchy, starting with the simplest costs arising from decreased efficiency when [...]

Liesse, émeute et panique : enquête sur l’effervescence et la cristallisation des états publics de la foule.

Luca Pattaroni et Pascal Viot | 10.06.2020

This article questions the notion of effervescence in a crowd gathered during festive or sporting events. Starting from survey of the various theoretical construction of the crowd as an object of knowledge, we criticize conceptions that consider it as an irrational mental fusion and focus on what we propose to call the "public conditions" of the crowd, manifested by the emergence of accountable collective behaviours. Beyond the risks that are generally associated with it, a crowd is an opportunity [...]

Study inequalities in cycling mobility opportunities.

David Sayagh | 01.05.2020

Based on a doctoral thesis, this article aims to explore how to capture and report on the differentiated socializations that lead to inequalities in cycling mobility opportunities. This ambition has led to special methodological precautions (against the bias linked to social distance, memory failures, conscious omissions, the "sex of the survey", etc.) and to develop an analysis tool whose main advantage is its heuristic ability to reveal gendered dispositions underlying the strengthening of unequal opportunities. Finally, the approach justifies the [...]

S’initier au merveilleux.

Contribution à une socio-anthropologie de l’enchantement à partir de l’étude comparée du « Gamarada » et de la « Communication animale intuitive ».

Robin Susswein et Edgar Tasia | 07.04.2020

Some emotionally intense “wonderful” experiences, which are particularly difficult to qualify by those who experience them, have been studied by sociology and anthropology as “enchantment experiences”. How to qualify this type of experiences? What circumstances can contribute to their emergence? Based on the ethnographic study of two initiatory practices (the “Gamarada” and the “Animal Intuitive Communication”), the authors underline the benefits and the limits of the heuristic model of the "technology of enchantment" built by Halloy and Servais. This [...]

Les dimensions sociales et spatiales du coworking : un état de l’art

Aurore Flipo et Patricia Lejoux | 03.04.2020

Born in 2005 in San Francisco and spread in Europe in the 2010s, the coworking spaces (CS) have progressively appeared as symbols of the new lifestyles and work processes derived from the digital revolution. This « new economy » has generated both forms of liberation from the spatial and temporal constraints, and new needs of co-presence and social interactions. CS have thus appeared as a potential answer to some of the social and spatial contemporary issues. While coworking as [...]

Crip spatialities and temporalities I : discreet crips in a discrete world

Enka Blanchard | 27.03.2020

This article explores the relationships that disabled people have with the space surrounding them. Extending Jacques Lévy’s work on various non-Euclidean spatialities, we study the discontinuous and discrete nature of space as inhabited by disabled people, with a focus on people with physical impairments. We start at a local scale, with perceptions of one’s body, of one’s environment, and the algorithmic nature of conscious movement. Lack of autonomy, often a consequence of society’s (lack of) accessibility, creates an experience [...]

Spatial Justice

Jean-Nicolas Fauchille | 20.03.2020

Une société juste. La réunion des termes justice et espace ne va pas de soi. En effet, les théories de la justice a-spatiales étaient considérées jusqu’à présent comme les seules auxquelles on avait recours pour répondre à la question : qu’est-ce qu’une société juste ? Savoir ce qu’est un espace juste ne faisait pour ainsi dire pas [...]