Serge Thibault | 06.09.2017
This text presents the contribution of mathematical pretopology to the understanding of the morphology of inhabited spaces, although it can be applied to any type of space. The use of pretopology explains the relative, and not absolute, character of topological dimensions of inhabited spaces, such as interior, exterior, edge, etc. These dimensions are defined using an exploration of space, based on a process of extension which associates to any part a bigger part including it. A change of process [...]
Axel Barenboim | 03.08.2017
The transnational turn has renewed both the history of anarchism and the sociology of social movements. The purpose of this article is, by considering the international anarchist congress of London (1881), to evoke new possibilities for the junction of sociological analysis and historical research. This interdisciplinary approach is not meant to be a mere dialogue between well-divided fields using specific methods, but to embrace a larger field of global studies. This perspective, open to all the social sciences, will [...]
Le cas du whitisage chez des migrants camerounais à Paris.
Suzie Telep | 27.07.2017
This article aims to show the need for a multidisciplinary approach to the study of language in its social context, from the analysis of the practice of whitisage among francophone Cameroonian immigrants in Paris. This practice consists in "talking like a white person", by imitating the standard pronunciation of the interlocutor. After defining language as a social practice inseparable from the others, I argue, through the analysis of the actors' discourses on their own language practices, that a multidisciplinary [...]
Chloé Maurel | 28.06.2017
Alfred Métraux, Swiss-American ethnologist, worked for UNESCO from 1947 until his death in 1963. This article analyzes three UNESCO programs in which he was deeply involved : the « fundamental education » project in Marbial Valley (Haïti), at the end of the forties, aiming at educating Haitian peasants ; the program on the « race question » in the fifties, aiming at fighting racism, and the « andin program », also in the fifites, aiming at helping Latin American [...]
Guillaume Le Roux | 01.06.2017
At the end of the last century, Bogotá, like many other large Latin American cities, saw its population dynamics change as the country progressed in the demographic transition and the urban transition : its growth depended more on the natural growth of the population and the origin and distance of migrations to the capital evolved. This article shows how this new « stage of populating » - a concept whose interest in analysing urban change will be demonstrated - [...]
Nathalie Ortar et Patricia Lejoux | 05.04.2017
Le changement se cristallise, selon Robert Castel, autour de « ce que l’on pourrait appeler des configurations problématiques, c’est-à-dire des nœuds de questions sur lesquels se cristallisent la plupart des tensions, des conflits et des enjeux qui affectent les membres d’une société. Elles sont problématiques parce qu’elles [...]
Christophe Mincke et Vincent Kaufmann | 29.03.2017
Are we really sure we know what mobility is ? And what about immobility ? These simple questions were the springboard for our reflection, in three steps. The first step led us to study how the definition of mobile and immobile varied over time, and how this occurred in cadence with changes in the representations of space and time. The second step was devoted to examining the nature of the spaces in which mobility can be deployed. We defend [...]
Hélène Nessi, Benoit Conti, Laurent Proulhac, Patricia Sajous et Mariane Thébert | 24.03.2017
Is there an effective change in the mobility system of the suburban area in the Île-de-France ? How to identify it ? This article aims at updating the evolving (or not evolving) residential and daily mobility patterns through three case studies in the Île-de-France. Results show that change doesn’t challenge the whole system but rather consists of adaptive measures. Evolution in the use of car ensures the global system’s stability. Those adaptive measures are nevertheless the source of new [...]
Le cas des résidents secondaires en Charente-Maritime.
Didier Vye, Caroline Blondy, Caroline Bontet, Stéphane Donnat, Christine Plumejeaud-Perreau et Luc Vacher | 23.03.2017
The frequent comings and goings within various living places characterise second home owners. Neither truly tourist nor inhabitant in the region of their second home, this population category is hybrid, because they are owners of a home where they do not usually live during the year. This raises the question of their right to express themselves about the changes affecting the territory where their second home is located. Their way of living in this multipolar residential system, with the [...]
Quels changements dans le rapport des jeunes lyonnais à l’automobile ?
Stéphanie Vincent-Geslin, Pascal Pochet, Nathalie Ortar, Patrick Bonnel et Louafi Bouzouina | 15.03.2017
This paper studies the changes in the young adults’ relationship to cars. It is based on mixed methods, combining qualitative interviews carried out in Lyon, and secondary analyses of 1995 and 2006 Lyon household travel surveys. A slightly downward trend in driving licence holding rates can be observed as a feature of broader changes in attitudes and mobility practices of young people, especially in central and dense areas. It can be related to financial burden, but also to the [...]