illustration : Peer review

Peer review

Prétopologie et espaces habités. Peer review

Serge Thibault | 06.09.2017

This text presents the contribution of mathematical pretopology to the understanding of the morphology of inhabited spaces, although it can be applied to any type of space. The use of pretopology explains the relative, and not absolute, character of topological dimensions of inhabited spaces, such as interior, exterior, edge, etc. These dimensions are defined using an exploration of space, based on a process of extension which associates to any part a bigger part including it. A change of process [...]

L’internationalisme du 19e siècle : un exemple interdisciplinaire de global studies. Peer review

Axel Barenboim | 03.08.2017

The transnational turn has renewed both the history of anarchism and the sociology of social movements. The purpose of this article is, by considering the international anarchist congress of London (1881), to evoke new possibilities for the junction of sociological analysis and historical research. This interdisciplinary approach is not meant to be a mere dialogue between well-divided fields using specific methods, but to embrace a larger field of global studies. This perspective, open to all the social sciences, will [...]

Pour une approche pluridisciplinaire du langage. Peer review

Le cas du whitisage chez des migrants camerounais à Paris.

Suzie Telep | 27.07.2017

This article aims to show the need for a multidisciplinary approach to the study of language in its social context, from the analysis of the practice of whitisage among francophone Cameroonian immigrants in Paris. This practice consists in "talking like a white person", by imitating the standard pronunciation of the interlocutor. After defining language as a social practice inseparable from the others, I argue, through the analysis of the actors' discourses on their own language practices, that a multidisciplinary [...]

Alfred Métraux, ethnologue à l’UNESCO (1947-1963). Peer review

Chloé Maurel | 28.06.2017

Alfred Métraux, Swiss-American ethnologist, worked for UNESCO from 1947 until his death in 1963. This article analyzes three UNESCO programs in which he was deeply involved : the « fundamental education » project in Marbial Valley (Haïti), at the end of the forties, aiming at educating Haitian peasants ; the program on the « race question » in the fifties, aiming at fighting racism, and the « andin program », also in the fifites, aiming at helping Latin American [...]

Évolutions des parcours migratoires et résidentiels des habitants de Bogotá (1993-2009). Peer review

Guillaume Le Roux | 01.06.2017

At the end of the last century, Bogotá, like many other large Latin American cities, saw its population dynamics change as the country progressed in the demographic transition and the urban transition : its growth depended more on the natural growth of the population and the origin and distance of migrations to the capital evolved. This article shows how this new « stage of populating » - a concept whose interest in analysing urban change will be demonstrated - [...]

Cartographier le temps, l’espace d’un moment. Peer review

Carole Lanoix et Véronique Mauron | 15.12.2015

How can one represent time without resorting to animation ? Still images have inhabited cartography for a long time and it is only recently that the trend has changed in favour of dynamic representations. In the light of this development, we propose to revisit the use of a succession of still images to represent time. Continuing the research entitled Cosmographies, conducted at the Chôros laboratory (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne, EPFL), we interrogate the techniques, tools and fictions [...]

Le nouvel avatar de l’ancestralité dans l’historiographie malgache. Peer review

Sonia Dheur et Hervé Rakoto Ramiarantsoa | 17.11.2015

Forte de ses avancées techniques récentes et mettant en avant son souci de la santé individuelle humaine, la génétique ne s’est jamais autant intéressée à la relation entre l’apparence physique ou le comportement et la singularité génétique. Dans une approche interdisciplinaire critique et réflexive de l’écriture de l’histoire du métissage à Madagascar par la génétique des populations, nous confrontons l’ordre biologique à l’ordre social, en replaçant les recherches récentes dans la réalité sociale malgache. En abordant la question des [...]

Les musées urbains de la Shoah comme objets d’enjeux géopolitiques et espace-temps de l’entre-deux. Peer review

Dominique Chevalier | 28.04.2014

This paper focuses on the cases of several museums and memorials located within major cities (Berlin, Jerusalem, Montreal, Washington, Budapest and Paris). Building upon these examples, it explores the connections between the construction of the cities’ museums and their geopolitical stakes. It also focuses on how time is spatially accounted for within them. [...]

Les jardins partagés, producteurs vivriers urbains ? Peer review

Éléments de réponse à travers une étude à Paris.

Marie Horn | 21.04.2014

The reports of a permanent rise of the urban population, a possible scarcity of oil in the future, a means of energy mainly used in the transportations of goods and an essential element of intensive farming imply to consider new possibilities regarding production and food transportation in cities. Urban production is envisaged here as an alternative. The study of a “jardin partagé” (the equivalent of a community garden) in Paris, correlated with other experiences of urban gardens in the [...]

La gouvernance métropolitaine à l’épreuve de la mobilité contrainte des « Roms migrants » en région parisienne. Peer review

Olivier Legros et Martin Olivera | 21.03.2014

Cet article, qui combine le regard ethnographique avec l’analyse des politiques publiques et la géographie urbaine, cherche à documenter les politiques en direction des migrants roms en situation précaire en Île-de-France. Jusqu’à présent, la « question rom » n’a pas vraiment fait l’objet de politiques à l’échelle de la région métropolitaine. En revanche, elle a suscité des réactions de l’État et des pouvoirs locaux dont l’attitude a oscillé entre accueil et rejet. Attentifs aux pratiques et aux stratégies résidentielles [...]