epistemology

L'ensemble des articles ayant pour mot clé : epistemology

Du travail de l’histoire à la professionnalisation de la raison.

Anheim, Étienne. 2018. Le travail de l’histoire. Paris : Éditions de la Sorbonne, coll. « Itinéraires ».

Hugo Steinmetz | 15.11.2019

Etienne Anheim’s book is the published version of the synthesis thesis constituting his authorization to direct research, supported in 2015. By questioning the historian’s profession in the continuity of Marc Bloch’s work, the author skilfully raises the question of the professional practice of history, the conditions of its teaching and its influence beyond the spheres of research. [...]

Croiser les disciplines, se croiser dans l’indiscipline.

Dialogue autour de la notion de rythme.

Juliana GonzálezLucien Delley et Laurie Daffe | 17.04.2019

As polysemous and intangible as the notion of "rhythm" might be, one must note its capacity to make diverse disciplines (such as geography, literature, biology, dance, sociology or economy) work and speak together. Wishing to pursue this dialogue, can the specific conditions to build a common reflection and the production of an "undisciplined knowledge" be identified ? In light of the seminar "Urban Rhythms" – that took place in Lausanne from 8 to 10 November 2017 –, our reflection [...]

Néandertal : Une espèce en voie de disparition ?

Patrick Poncet | 31.05.2018

Is Neanderthal a very real and singular species, who disappeared from the surface of the globe "with" the advent of Homo sapiens, or rather a buffer category of human paleontology, originally useful to the progress of this science, especially to define Sapiens, but whose obsolescence was epistemologically programmed and which arrives today at the end of its scientific life ? [...]

Pratiquer l’interdisciplinarité : pourquoi persister ? Peer review

Nicole Mathieu | 07.02.2018

In charge of the conclusion of a seminar devoted to the evaluation of the multidisciplinary practices of young researchers with various disciplinary trainings, the author drives the reader of this paper into a confrontation of the postures and experiences of these "newbies" with her own, built in its long time of experience in interdisciplinarity. By identifying first the points of convergence – to get out of disciplinary rigidity and invent an assembling method –, she then detects those that deviate from [...]

Une architecture des frontières.

Teyssot, Georges. 2016. Une topologie du quotidien. Lausanne : Presses Polytechniques et Universitaires Romandes, coll. « Poche Architecture ».

Gaël Brulé | 07.07.2017

In Une topologie du quotidien, Georges Teyssot positions himself as an architect of borders. The border is studied under various angles : physical, ontological, epistemological. This analysis stems from an initial observation that the traditional conception of borders is unsatisfactory, and doesn’t explain the current limits of a house, a field, or an object. A new concept of border is drawn by Teyssot. [...]

Science, histoire des sciences et vérité scientifique.

Recension croisée de Guenancia, Pierre, Maryvonne Perrot et Jean-Jacques Wunenburger (dirs.). 2016. Bachelard et Canguilhem. Dijon : Cahiers Gaston Bachelard (n°14) et de Barreau, Aurélien. 2016. De la vérité dans les sciences. Paris : Dunod.

Hervé Regnauld | 19.04.2017

What does truth mean for science ? Bachelard, Canguilhem and Dagognet, French philosophers who are also mathematicians and doctors, produced some important ideas about truth : it is not something that exists as a quality of the scientific object, it is something that the scientist creates according to its own likings, and not in relation with some objective characteristics of the world. More recently, a philosopher who is also an astrophysicist, Barrau, has elaborated an original epistemic approach, stating [...]