illustration : Works

Works

The Works heading gathers theoretical or methodological research papers that contribute to epistemological thinking in the social sciences and other fields of knowledge.

Penser l’individu ? Sur un nécessaire changement de paradigme, 2. Peer review

Relations et institutions.

Aldo Haesler | 18.06.2006

Rather than to focus on the individual and endow him with relational competences, sociological analysis would benefit from an exploration of the complex reality of human relationship (of which the individual is but an avatar) and its opposition to that of institutions. A historical reflection would then show that the specificity of modernity can be understood in terms of a growing disentanglement of the relational and institutional spheres. One would henceforth propose a “weak” concept of society as an [...]

Dérives atopiques. Peer review

Le « non-lieu » ou les errances d’un concept.

Alexandre Gillet | 08.05.2006

Taking clearly an interdisciplinary position, this meditation on nomadism and no-place will try to keep away from some topics in order to consider with renewed attention our practice and experience of places, one place after the other. Many works will serve as references. Every author — Paul Virilio, Marc Augé, Georges Balandier, Michel de Certeau and Michel Foucault — approaching in his own way this phenomenon. Accompanying us along this attempt (which may potentially be called a “drift”), the [...]

Signes et artefacts. Peer review

L’inscription spatiale de temporalités à travers les figures de la patrimonialisation des petites villes.

Samuel Périgois | 26.04.2006

Refitting operations of downtown areas of small cities have increased for two decades. This article analyzes how this restructuring falls under a process of “patrimonialisation” which takes part in a new design of “urbanity” through a setting in scene of central spaces. This setting in scene of public spaces finds expression in the multiplication of ancient signs. Some artefacts refer to the history of the place, with elements inherited from the past and registered in space; some others show [...]

Politiques culturelles des États européens : pour une nécessaire refondation. Peer review

Anne-Marie Autissier | 29.03.2006

National Cultural Policies are far different from one country to another, according to societies’ histories and to the kind of relationship between States and cultural professionals. Nevertheless, one can recognize some principles, more or less applied: the necessity of freedom for creation, culture as purpose for public policy, the necessity of valuing and preserving built heritage and the National repertoire art works, as guarantees for democratic exercise. In spite of non synchronous evolutions, all European governments created cultural administrations, [...]

L’hypothèse de l’habiter poly-topique : pratiquer les lieux géographiques dans les sociétés à individus mobiles. Peer review

Mathis Stock | 26.02.2006

Une nouvelle façon d’habiter le Monde s’est développée : elle est essentiellement informée par la mobilité spatiale de biens matériels, d’informations ou de personnes. Ce développement d’une mobilité spatiale accrue concerne le fondement de l’être-ensemble, de l’économie, des pratiques individuelles, du politique ainsi que la solution de différents problèmes posés aux sociétés humaines. Quelques chiffres, livrés [...]

Penser l’individu ? Sur un nécessaire changement de paradigme, 1. Peer review

Les impasses du néo-individualisme sociologique.

Aldo Haesler | 23.11.2005

L’essence de l’homme, l’essence qui lui est particulière, n’est directement reconnaissable que dans la vivante relation. Le gorille est, lui aussi, un individu ; l’État des termites est, lui aussi, un collectif ; mais Je-et-Tu n’existe dans notre univers que parce qu’il y a l’Homme ; et le Je n’existe qu’à partir du rapport avec Tu. « L’homme-avec-l’homme » : c’est [...]

Das Erbe der Menschheit. Peer review

Neue Touristennationen und die Globalisierung der Natur.

Pál Nyíri et Joana Breidenbach | 22.09.2005

The concept of “heritage” arose as from nineteenth-century efforts by emergent modern Western nation-states to endow their landscapes and built environments with national significance. Today, however, some of the central activists of the heritage movement are global rather than national players. The highest-profile effort to promote the idea of a “global heritage” is UNESCO’s World Heritage list. What happens to sites that are promoted from national to global heritage status? Do they indeed become vehicles of a shared global [...]

Michel Foucault and Francophone geography. Peer review

Circulations, conversions and disappearances.

Juliet Fall | 15.09.2005

The enthusiasm for Michel Foucault among Anglo geographers is in stark contrast to the surprising lack of interest among their Francophone counterparts. Despite the seminal interview of 1976 published in Hérodote that appeared to build a bridge between disciplines, Francophone geographers have rarely read and used his work. While political approaches have traditionally not enjoyed much success in the Francophone world for historical reasons, existing works such as Paul Claval’s Espace et pouvoir (1978) or Yves Lacoste’s La géographie [...]

Figures de l’individualité, de Marx aux sociologies contemporaines. Peer review

Entre éclairages scientifiques et anthropologies philosophiques.

Philippe Corcuff | 12.07.2005

Cet article propose une vue synthétique du traitement sociologique de la question de l’individualité. Il revient d’abord sur le débat traditionnel entre individualisme méthodologique et holisme méthodologique afin de proposer une troisième voie : le relationnalisme méthodologique (en termes de relations sociales). Il s’arrête ensuite sur une approche classique et méconnue, celle de Marx, en la comparant avec celle de Durkheim. Puis il s’intéresse aux problématisations nouvelles avancées par la sociologie contemporaine. Il décrit ainsi trois [...]