illustration : Peer review

Peer review

Métrologies critiques de l'espace. Peer review

Critical Approaches to Metrology.

Matthieu NoucherIrène Hirt et Xavier Arnauld de Sartre | 21.02.2019

When the construction of a political space demands shared systems of measurement, ensuring that everything is made comparable, coding categories and procedures are brought into place. Attributing singular cases to measurable categories was for a long time a prerogative of the State, but new systems of metrology are now broadening the range of players. With this traversal, we aim to start deconstructing these metrological systems, both old and new, to prompt different readings of the rhetoric behind them. By [...]

La fabrique des projets de grands territoires : un essai de rythmanalyse. Peer review

Lisa Lévy | 15.02.2019

This article proposes to enter the black box of the large territories making process, by means of a rhythm analysis. We examine the rhythmic trajectory of three projects, a French one (Pôle d'Orly) and two Swiss ones (the Geneva and Lausanne agglomeration projects), using the notion of improvisation. Rhythm analysis allows us to show how improvisation, beyond metaphor, qualifies this trajectory. We will first focus on the temporal trajectory of our projects, i.e. their emergence and deployment over time [...]

Déconstruire la spatialisation de services écosystémiques par la modélisation critique. Peer review

Solen Le Clec'hJohan OszwaldSimon DufourMichel GrimaldiNicolas Jégou et Matthieu Noucher | 07.02.2019

This article analyzes the impact of the choice and accuracy of input data on the metrology of the objects of Nature, based on the example of the ecosystem services mapping in the Amazonian pioneer fronts. To do so, field and remote sensing data are linked using regressions. These regressions emphasize : 1) the unequal capacity to map ecosystem services ; 2) the need to adapt the methodology to each indicator ; 3) the need to take into account various [...]

Rythmes urbains. Peer review

Promesses d'un concept en mouvement.

Guillaume DrevonLuc GwiazdzinskiVincent Kaufmann et Luca Pattaroni | 21.12.2018

La ville ? « Ne pas essayer trop vite de trouver une définition de la ville ; c’est beaucoup trop gros, on a toutes les chances de se tromper ». Le rythme ? Comment réussir « à définir un seul et même signifiant qui véhicule tant de signifiés différents ? ». Et pourquoi chercher à le faire ? Paul Valéry lui-même a avoué (dans ses Cahiers) son échec à éclairer la double énigme du langage et de l’être. La [...]

Quantification, marché et fluidification urbaine : le cas du passe Navigo. Peer review

Julien Mattern | 23.11.2018

This article deals with the imaginary sources of the quantification of the world, through the typical case of electronic ticketing in urban public transport. The historical study of the process of technical innovation makes it possible to specify the concrete problems which arose for the actors and the ideological framework in which they sought to solve them. The "Navigo" case is at the crossroads of two complementary "dreams" regarding management : on the one hand, the idea of an autonomous [...]

Glacis mémoriels en Médoc. Peer review

À propos de la cartographie multi-strates des milieux et usages d’une rive estuarienne.

Baptiste Hautdidier | 15.11.2018

On the basis of two animated maps, the paper aims to contribute to the thinking of the mapmaking practices that are based on the overlay of various stratas. The examples suggest that the added value of such multilayered cartographies (that we choose to call glacis) is to be found in two complementary directions : that of helping to grasp the complexity of processes and stakes by building a lavish – if not blurred – general picture ; that of [...]

Maillage paroissial et pratiques religieuses dans le diocèse de Rennes, Dol et Saint-Malo. Peer review

Louisa Plouchart-Even | 01.10.2018

The subject belongs to the scientific field of social geography. The article proposes to examine, in light of their new components, the territories of religion and the faithful Catholics in the dioceses of Rennes, Dol and St. Malo. Our study, nourished by qualitative field studies, casts a light on these new forms of organisation based on spatial domains. Rural parishes, peri-urban or urban ones were used as a framework to the study, to assess the characteristics of the faithful [...]

Une sociologie des représentations sociales de l’urbain en quête de reconnaissance. Peer review

Paulette Duarte | 16.08.2018

This article aims at filling a present gap in all books of contemporary urban sociology, namely the absence of references to the existence of a sociology of the social representations of the urban. For that end, the author suggests reconstituting the history of this sociology, located between the fields of urban and social representations, by analysing in a diachronic way the interest which sociologists of the urban had, and still have, for the question of social representations. This interest [...]

The State and Varieties of Space Economy. Peer review

Kevin Cox | 09.08.2018

The Varieties of Capitalism literature is relatively aspatial. The focus is on differences between countries rather than within. Yet one can identify processes, varying from one country to another, that help create differences in development between cities and regions, albeit in quite different ways. The contrast between the United States and the countries of Western Europe is stark. In the latter, development policy has been subject to strong central government intervention. In the United States, development is more a [...]

Arts, sciences : le temps de l’hybridation. Peer review

Jacques Lévy et Irène Sartoretti | 02.08.2018

Relationships between arts and sciences have been experiencing a long lasting misunderstanding. This situation notably derived from an underestimation of the role imagination plays in sciences and reflexivity in arts. If we accept the idea that sciences and arts both contribute, each in their own way, to the cognitive dimension of cultural productions, then we can more easily make visible many similarities and some differences between those two realms. As a result, a programme of interactions, translations, and hybridizations [...]