illustration : Works

Works

The Works heading gathers theoretical or methodological research papers that contribute to epistemological thinking in the social sciences and other fields of knowledge.

La gouvernance métropolitaine à l’épreuve de la mobilité contrainte des « Roms migrants » en région parisienne. Peer review

Martin Olivera et Olivier Legros | 21.03.2014

This article, which combines an ethnographic perspective and the analysis of public policy and urban geography, seeks to inform about the policies taken towards Roma migrants in a precarious situation in Île-de-France. Far from being a point of support for the construction of a governance capability across the city-region, the “Roma issue” lies mainly in the state and local authorities, whose attitude oscillates between hospitality and rejection. The authors, being interested in the practices and residential strategies of Roma [...]

Thinking Dimensionally in Social Sciences.

An unconventional notion of social space for research on social topics.

Klaus Geiselhart | 10.03.2014

This article carries the constructivist idea to its logical conclusion. If space is always perceived in three dimensions and does not have a substance, why not consider social topics in the the same way and see whether this produces informative and new insights ? The notion of Euclidean space as a dimensional system of ordering is an elementary concept in social sciences. This article gives two examples of how this concept could be employed in a non-positivistic and non-essentialist [...]

La géohistoire de l’espace viticole français sur deux siècles (1808-2010) : plusieurs cycles viticoles décryptés.

François Legouy | 17.02.2014

Geohistory of the French wine area (1808-2010) highlights, for the whole of the French territory, two cycles of growth and decline of vineyards. We can observe a period of wine transition (“transition vitivinicole”) during the second cycle, which is in fact divided into two phases : the first one represents the decline of wine surfaces, especially those producing wines of regular consumption. The second phase consists in the mix of two trends : the confirmed decrease of areas producing [...]

Mobilités numériques. De l’usage à l’expérience utilisateur (UX) du monde.

Eduardo Camacho-Hübner | 10.02.2014

Mobility issues do not only involve the act of moving nowadays. The concept itself evolves continuously thanks to technological and social innovations. The main stakes do not focus anymore on improving speed, but on enriching the experience of travelling, even in the case of short trips. One of the main factors that fosters this evolution is the progressive adoption of information and communication technologies that help to reshape the issues of contemporary cities. For example, the quality of travel [...]

Littérature et identité postcoloniales kanak : lire, écrire et agir avec Fanon (1969-1973). Peer review

Eddy Banaré | 07.02.2014

En Nouvelle-Calédonie, l’abrogation du « Décret d’Indigénat » en 1946 a annoncé les débuts de la politisation du monde kanak avec l’adhésion, certes brève, au Parti communiste en 1947. Cependant, les effets de cette politisation n’ont vraiment été visibles qu’à travers la première génération de Kanak venue poursuivre leurs études dans les universités françaises. Il s’agit ici d’examiner de quelle manière la pensée de Frantz Fanon a influencé le premier discours politique kanak d’émancipation. Nous analyserons pour cela les [...]

Les musiques urbaines, ou la subversion des codes esthétiques occidentaux. Peer review

Régis Meyran | 27.01.2014

The purpose of the present contribution is to provide a way of thinking the wide category of urban musics (including hip-hop, slam, electro and improvised music). Several ethnographic observations have lead the author to the idea that the musical practices and inherent speeches are used by the artists to subvert western aesthetic codes by deconstructing several structural oppositions (such as scholar/popular, imitation/creation, singing/talking...). Moreover, the groups that are socially dominated use these musical technics as a tool for affirming [...]

Sport et nature : une gestion hybride de l’espace ? Peer review

Le cas du col du Coq et de la Dent de Crolles dans le massif de Chartreuse (France).

Jean-Pierre Mounet et Yohann Rech | 07.01.2014

The organization of outdoor sports areas is an important issue because athletes are not the only ones to invest nature. This article discusses the management of outdoor sports activities in a part of the Chartreuse Regional Nature Park (France). The latter has a particularly complex network with different managers, different political scales and varied sports and traditional activities. An analysis of the intentional management and effective management of the site (Mermet 1994) shows that the prerogatives of the managers [...]

Art participatif et spectacles urbains : une analyse des transformations des politiques de l’art à Lyon. Peer review

Virginie Milliot | 10.12.2013

L’Art sur la Place and the parade closing the Biennale de la Danse in Lyon can be considered as participative art happenings, designed to welcome the cultural diversity of the city. Several analyses and critiques presented these events as “political shams” or as “rituals of urban areas”. By using a corpus of data collected in the course of long term participant observations, I propose to reopen the debate about the political consequences of these projects. In order to analyse [...]

L’artiste passe-muraille ? Peer review

Anne-Laure Amilhat Szary | 19.11.2013

Based on the analysis of contemporary art works produced around the wall built by the Israelis around the West Bank, this paper addresses the issues of border crossing and of the norms that one needs to confront in order to pass the line. It also focuses on the active resistance process that this crossing implies. Through its very special relation to place, the notion of « border art » questions spatial processes through the viscosity of matter in movement. [...]

À la santé de qui ? Peer review

Une ethnographie des discours professionnels sur le risque orphelin lié à l’alcool et à la grossesse.

Céline Schnegg | 12.11.2013

This article analyses professional discourse on the associated risk of alcohol consumption and pregnancy. If health and prevention actors define this risk as a fetal risk, it however does not have a clinical existence, as nearly no caregiver has seen a mother at risk or a child victim of alcohol in utero. Looking at this paradox, we suggest defining this risk as an orphan risk. In the first part of this article, using Dorothy E. Smith’s sociology, we will [...]