Éléments de réponse à travers une étude à Paris.
Marie Horn | 21.04.2014
The reports of a permanent rise of the urban population, a possible scarcity of oil in the future, a means of energy mainly used in the transportations of goods and an essential element of intensive farming imply to consider new possibilities regarding production and food transportation in cities. Urban production is envisaged here as an alternative. The study of a “jardin partagé” (the equivalent of a community garden) in Paris, correlated with other experiences of urban gardens in the [...]
Martin Olivera et Olivier Legros | 21.03.2014
This article, which combines an ethnographic perspective and the analysis of public policy and urban geography, seeks to inform about the policies taken towards Roma migrants in a precarious situation in Île-de-France. Far from being a point of support for the construction of a governance capability across the city-region, the “Roma issue” lies mainly in the state and local authorities, whose attitude oscillates between hospitality and rejection. The authors, being interested in the practices and residential strategies of Roma [...]
An unconventional notion of social space for research on social topics.
Klaus Geiselhart | 10.03.2014
This article carries the constructivist idea to its logical conclusion. If space is always perceived in three dimensions and does not have a substance, why not consider social topics in the the same way and see whether this produces informative and new insights ? The notion of Euclidean space as a dimensional system of ordering is an elementary concept in social sciences. This article gives two examples of how this concept could be employed in a non-positivistic and non-essentialist [...]
François Legouy | 17.02.2014
Geohistory of the French wine area (1808-2010) highlights, for the whole of the French territory, two cycles of growth and decline of vineyards. We can observe a period of wine transition (“transition vitivinicole”) during the second cycle, which is in fact divided into two phases : the first one represents the decline of wine surfaces, especially those producing wines of regular consumption. The second phase consists in the mix of two trends : the confirmed decrease of areas producing [...]
Eduardo Camacho-Hübner | 10.02.2014
Mobility issues do not only involve the act of moving nowadays. The concept itself evolves continuously thanks to technological and social innovations. The main stakes do not focus anymore on improving speed, but on enriching the experience of travelling, even in the case of short trips. One of the main factors that fosters this evolution is the progressive adoption of information and communication technologies that help to reshape the issues of contemporary cities. For example, the quality of travel [...]
Eddy Banaré | 07.02.2014
En Nouvelle-Calédonie, l’abrogation du « Décret d’Indigénat » en 1946 a annoncé les débuts de la politisation du monde kanak avec l’adhésion, certes brève, au Parti communiste en 1947. Cependant, les effets de cette politisation n’ont vraiment été visibles qu’à travers la première génération de Kanak venue poursuivre leurs études dans les universités françaises. Il s’agit ici d’examiner de quelle manière la pensée de Frantz Fanon a influencé le premier discours politique kanak d’émancipation. Nous analyserons pour cela les [...]
Régis Meyran | 27.01.2014
The purpose of the present contribution is to provide a way of thinking the wide category of urban musics (including hip-hop, slam, electro and improvised music). Several ethnographic observations have lead the author to the idea that the musical practices and inherent speeches are used by the artists to subvert western aesthetic codes by deconstructing several structural oppositions (such as scholar/popular, imitation/creation, singing/talking...). Moreover, the groups that are socially dominated use these musical technics as a tool for affirming [...]
Le cas du col du Coq et de la Dent de Crolles dans le massif de Chartreuse (France).
Jean-Pierre Mounet et Yohann Rech | 07.01.2014
The organization of outdoor sports areas is an important issue because athletes are not the only ones to invest nature. This article discusses the management of outdoor sports activities in a part of the Chartreuse Regional Nature Park (France). The latter has a particularly complex network with different managers, different political scales and varied sports and traditional activities. An analysis of the intentional management and effective management of the site (Mermet 1994) shows that the prerogatives of the managers [...]
Virginie Milliot | 10.12.2013
L’Art sur la Place and the parade closing the Biennale de la Danse in Lyon can be considered as participative art happenings, designed to welcome the cultural diversity of the city. Several analyses and critiques presented these events as “political shams” or as “rituals of urban areas”. By using a corpus of data collected in the course of long term participant observations, I propose to reopen the debate about the political consequences of these projects. In order to analyse [...]
Anne-Laure Amilhat Szary | 19.11.2013
Based on the analysis of contemporary art works produced around the wall built by the Israelis around the West Bank, this paper addresses the issues of border crossing and of the norms that one needs to confront in order to pass the line. It also focuses on the active resistance process that this crossing implies. Through its very special relation to place, the notion of « border art » questions spatial processes through the viscosity of matter in movement. [...]