An unconventional notion of social space for research on social topics.
Klaus Geiselhart | 10.03.2014
This article carries the constructivist idea to its logical conclusion. If space is always perceived in three dimensions and does not have a substance, why not consider social topics in the the same way and see whether this produces informative and new insights ? The notion of Euclidean space as a dimensional system of ordering is an elementary concept in social sciences. This article gives two examples of how this concept could be employed in a non-positivistic and non-essentialist [...]
François Legouy | 17.02.2014
Geohistory of the French wine area (1808-2010) highlights, for the whole of the French territory, two cycles of growth and decline of vineyards. We can observe a period of wine transition (“transition vitivinicole”) during the second cycle, which is in fact divided into two phases : the first one represents the decline of wine surfaces, especially those producing wines of regular consumption. The second phase consists in the mix of two trends : the confirmed decrease of areas producing [...]
Eduardo Camacho-Hübner | 10.02.2014
Mobility issues do not only involve the act of moving nowadays. The concept itself evolves continuously thanks to technological and social innovations. The main stakes do not focus anymore on improving speed, but on enriching the experience of travelling, even in the case of short trips. One of the main factors that fosters this evolution is the progressive adoption of information and communication technologies that help to reshape the issues of contemporary cities. For example, the quality of travel [...]
Eddy Banaré | 07.02.2014
En Nouvelle-Calédonie, l’abrogation du « Décret d’Indigénat » en 1946 a annoncé les débuts de la politisation du monde kanak avec l’adhésion, certes brève, au Parti communiste en 1947. Cependant, les effets de cette politisation n’ont vraiment été visibles qu’à travers la première génération de Kanak venue poursuivre leurs études dans les universités françaises. Il s’agit ici d’examiner de quelle manière la pensée de Frantz Fanon a influencé le premier discours politique kanak d’émancipation. Nous analyserons pour cela les [...]
Régis Meyran | 27.01.2014
The purpose of the present contribution is to provide a way of thinking the wide category of urban musics (including hip-hop, slam, electro and improvised music). Several ethnographic observations have lead the author to the idea that the musical practices and inherent speeches are used by the artists to subvert western aesthetic codes by deconstructing several structural oppositions (such as scholar/popular, imitation/creation, singing/talking...). Moreover, the groups that are socially dominated use these musical technics as a tool for affirming [...]
Le cas du col du Coq et de la Dent de Crolles dans le massif de Chartreuse (France).
Jean-Pierre Mounet et Yohann Rech | 07.01.2014
The organization of outdoor sports areas is an important issue because athletes are not the only ones to invest nature. This article discusses the management of outdoor sports activities in a part of the Chartreuse Regional Nature Park (France). The latter has a particularly complex network with different managers, different political scales and varied sports and traditional activities. An analysis of the intentional management and effective management of the site (Mermet 1994) shows that the prerogatives of the managers [...]
Virginie Milliot | 10.12.2013
L’Art sur la Place and the parade closing the Biennale de la Danse in Lyon can be considered as participative art happenings, designed to welcome the cultural diversity of the city. Several analyses and critiques presented these events as “political shams” or as “rituals of urban areas”. By using a corpus of data collected in the course of long term participant observations, I propose to reopen the debate about the political consequences of these projects. In order to analyse [...]
Anne-Laure Amilhat Szary | 19.11.2013
Based on the analysis of contemporary art works produced around the wall built by the Israelis around the West Bank, this paper addresses the issues of border crossing and of the norms that one needs to confront in order to pass the line. It also focuses on the active resistance process that this crossing implies. Through its very special relation to place, the notion of « border art » questions spatial processes through the viscosity of matter in movement. [...]
Une ethnographie des discours professionnels sur le risque orphelin lié à l’alcool et à la grossesse.
Céline Schnegg | 12.11.2013
This article analyses professional discourse on the associated risk of alcohol consumption and pregnancy. If health and prevention actors define this risk as a fetal risk, it however does not have a clinical existence, as nearly no caregiver has seen a mother at risk or a child victim of alcohol in utero. Looking at this paradox, we suggest defining this risk as an orphan risk. In the first part of this article, using Dorothy E. Smith’s sociology, we will [...]
La mer Noire, de la concentration de migrations ethniques à la dispersion de transmigrations cosmopolites.
Alain Tarrius | 06.11.2013
For many international migrants coming from West and Central Asia and heading for Western Europe, the Black Sea is a reference space. This paper specifically discusses two groups : the Balotchis from Afghanistan and Iranians, and Georgians forcing Caucasian and Balkanian women into prostitution and involved in drug trafficking. This work compares their strategies and spatial learnings : the use of a typical broken English, the building of circulatory roads and the invention of economic strategies linked to “poor [...]