Éléments de réponse à travers une étude à Paris.
Marie Horn | 21.04.2014
The reports of a permanent rise of the urban population, a possible scarcity of oil in the future, a means of energy mainly used in the transportations of goods and an essential element of intensive farming imply to consider new possibilities regarding production and food transportation in cities. Urban production is envisaged here as an alternative. The study of a “jardin partagé” (the equivalent of a community garden) in Paris, correlated with other experiences of urban gardens in the [...]
Projets personnels et/ou projet de société.
Jacques Lévy | 21.04.2014
The survey carried out on explicit representations of the future among the inhabitants of Geneva’s metropolitan area shows three major groups. The most substantial encompasses individuals that speak little about society as a whole but a lot about their own projects. However, they clearly connect their personal itineraries to the context of their agency. The second group includes people that draw a dark image of the future, which is underpinned by a cyclic model of history and a condemnation [...]
Lamia Missaoui | 14.04.2014
International poor migrants have understood that they are not welcome in rich countries. Most of them — around 200 000 a year in France and 600 000 in Europe (OCDE 2013) — are therefore coming as « transmigrants » instead of emigrants or immigrants. The world’s largest firms take advantage of their situation and integrate them into modern trade capitalism. Transmigrants are thus involved in international economic networks, more specifically in the “poor to poor” trade. This system, outside [...]
Chomsky, Noam. 2011. Sur la nature et le langage. Marseille : Agone.
Romaric Jannel | 14.04.2014
The high activity in contemporary linguistics is mainly the result of Noam Chomsky’s works. However, this thinker’s postulates are simple reductionisms, which deny the complex phenomenon that allowed the emergence and the evolution of language(s). To get a comprehensive understanding of linguistic phenomena and exclude any kind of determinism, one should analyse the coevolution human-milieu. This mesological approach of language, characteristic of what may be complex thinking, is an epistemological and ethical necessity. If determinism is considered as a [...]
Dominique Joye,Luca Pattaroni et Mischa Piraud | 07.04.2014
Far away from the promises of a better future, the ecological question provokes fears that are widely shared. It contributes to a negative form of a common future that remains nevertheless quite detached from the everyday experience. Indeed, in opposition to other concerns for the future, the ecological threat appears to be more rooted in an abstract construction than on situated affordances. Fear appears here as the lowest common denominator of our relation with future. [...]
Zask, Joëlle. 2013. Outdoor art, la sculpture et ses lieux. Paris : La Découverte.
Hervé Regnauld | 07.04.2014
The exhibition of outdoor art works in public areas leads to two main consequences. On the one hand the site where the work is displayed gains a new importance, on the other hand the political body which decides on the exhibition gets celebrated. This results, most often, in a well-accepted but very trite and commonplace aesthetics. Joëlle Zask’s book undertakes a precise and convincing deconstruction of these practices and questions, in depth, the idea of public space. [...]
Amselle, Jean-Loup. 2013. Psychotropiques. La fièvre de l’ayahuasca en amazonie péruvienne. Paris : Albin Michel.
François Warin | 31.03.2014
Jean-Loup Amselle is an atypical anthropologist known for his critical approach to his profession. More specifically, he has worked on the illusion — widespread in Western societies — that the future is to be dreaded and that we can only find solace in a mystical and idealized past. Psychotropiques. La fièvre de l’ayahuasca en forêt amazonienne (2013) focuses on the new players in the Peruvian Amazon region, who share the world market for such anxieties, giving the Western tourists’ [...]
Martin Olivera et Olivier Legros | 21.03.2014
This article, which combines an ethnographic perspective and the analysis of public policy and urban geography, seeks to inform about the policies taken towards Roma migrants in a precarious situation in Île-de-France. Far from being a point of support for the construction of a governance capability across the city-region, the “Roma issue” lies mainly in the state and local authorities, whose attitude oscillates between hospitality and rejection. The authors, being interested in the practices and residential strategies of Roma [...]
Zepf, Marcus et Lauren Andres. 2011. Enjeux de la planification territoriale en Europe. Lausanne : Presses polytechniques et universitaires romandes.
Guy Baudelle | 17.03.2014
Spatial planning seemed to be out of fashion but this very stimulating overview, based on case studies that focus on various European countries, shows that the deep transformation of territorial planning has allowed its unexpected resurgence. The book intends to show that this dramatic change has been driven by the need for more flexibility and coherence. Foresight and spatial visioning illustrate some of the new instruments designed to face contemporary challenges. But the dissemination channels of these new practices [...]
An unconventional notion of social space for research on social topics.
Klaus Geiselhart | 10.03.2014
This article carries the constructivist idea to its logical conclusion. If space is always perceived in three dimensions and does not have a substance, why not consider social topics in the the same way and see whether this produces informative and new insights ? The notion of Euclidean space as a dimensional system of ordering is an elementary concept in social sciences. This article gives two examples of how this concept could be employed in a non-positivistic and non-essentialist [...]